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Tune a Guitar


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How to tune a guitar by ear - without using an electronic tuner.
STEP 4 - The Third (or G) String
Place the first finger of your left hand on the fifth fret of the 4thstring.    This is the G note - the same one the next string needs to be.  Keep your finger there and gently pluck the 4th and 3rd strings and adjust the 3rd string until the two sounds the same.
STEP 5 - The Second (or B) String
Place the first finger of your left hand on the fourth fret of the 3rd string.    This is the B note - the same one the next string needs to be.  Keep your finger there and gently pluck the 3rd and 2nd strings and adjust the 2nd string until the two sounds the same. 
STEP 6 - The First (or E) String
Place the first finger of your left hand on the fifth fret of the 2nd string.    This is the E note - the same one the next string needs to be.  Keep your finger there and gently pluck the 2nd and 1st strings and adjust the 1st string until the two sounds the same. 
Guitar neck
Guitar neck
Guitar neck
STEP 1 - The Sixth (or E) String
The thickest string on the guitar normally stays in tune.  If you don't have a tuner, start with this string and get it as close to E as you can.  You can use a piano - the 6th string needs to sound the same as the 1st E below middle C (see picture).  If you have no instrument nearby, don't worry too much since, like I said, this string almost always stays in tune.
Piano for Guitar Reference
STEP 3 - The Fouth (or D) String
Place the first finger of your left hand on the fifth fret of the 5th string. This is the D note - the same note the next string needs to be.  Keep your finger there and gently pluck the 5th and 4th strings and adjust the 4th string until the two sounds the same. 
STEP 2 - The Fifth (or A) String
The 6th string now becomes your reference.  Place the first finger of your left hand on the fifth fret of the 6th string.    This is the A note - the same one the next string needs to be.  Keep your finger there and gently pluck the 6th and 5th strings and adjust the 5th string until the two sounds the same. 
Guitar neck
Guitar neck
And that's how to tune a guitar by ear!
Remember to bookmark this page for quick future reference.


Once your guitar is properly tuned carry on
to the next lesson - hand positions.


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